According to Word Heath Organization
(@WHO), Coronavirus is an infectious disease caused by the COVID-19 virus.
The virus spreads primarily through
droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or
Most people infected with the
COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover
without requiring special treatment.
Older people, and those with
underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory
disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the lives of children and
families across the globe has been upended and the impacting efforts to end
female genital mutilation (FGM) #endcuttinggirls #COVID19
This critical moment, the role of End FGM Community
volunteers cannot be left out.
End FGM Community volunteers are in the best place to build
trust with communities and community leaders. Therefore, it is important to
listen to people and respond to their questions, fears and misinformation with
fact-checked information that is useful to them.
End FGM Community volunteers have an
important role in providing timely and actionable health information, so people
know how to protect themselves and stay healthy.
They can then feel they have the
right skills to help reduce risks and prevent the spread of COVID-19
while reminding them about the
dangers of FGM.
End FGM Community volunteers
Conducts Interpersonal communication sessions with individuals, families while
maintain physical distancing.
Additionally, End FGM Community
volunteers Support girls/women and influential community members to speak out
against FGM .
Where there are cases of FGM, the
End FGM Community volunteers reports such cases to the appropriative
Ministries, Departments or Agencies with the help of their community leaders.
If there should be any form of
complication as a result of FGM, the End FGM Community volunteers ensures that
such issues are addressed by service providers (health facilities, etc.)
End FGM Community volunteers can
work as volunteers for statutory bodies or agencies involved in the end FGM
campaign (community, LGA, State) to deliver FGM-related services.
The End FGM Community volunteers has
the full power of their traditional rulers to monitor delivery homes to ensure
female children are not subjected to FGM during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Wherever a female baby is delivered
within the community, the End FGM Community volunteers will be available to
educate the family members on the dangers of FGM and COVID-19 which is known as
“household education sessions”
The End FGM Community volunteers
also team up in their community to campaign against any health issue that may
increase the practice of FGM in their Community especially COVID-19.
During an epidemic, there are often
confusion and rumors about the disease. People will get a lot of different
information from media, friends, family, social media, organizations or other
sources. Some of these sources may give conflicting information.
What happens when people have too
much information about a problem that makes it difficult to identify a
might become fearful and mistrust health recommendations. They might resist and
deny the situation.
can lead to people not using medical help and ignore life-saving health advice
or escape measures (i.e quarantine) put in place by authorities and health
services to prevent spread of the disease.
about the disease can lead people to refuse help from health workers. They may
even make threats or use violence.
people might start mistreating people who have or seem to be sick. This can
happen even when they are cured already due to a lack of knowledge about
effectiveness of treatment.
we close, we would like to share a brief overview of Female Genital Mutilation
(FGM) for the benefit of those joining our tweet conference for the first time.
Genital Mutilation (FGM) includes all procedures that involve the partial or
total removal of external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs
for non-medical reasons.
The World Health
Organization (WHO) classifies FGM into four types, and all four types are all
practiced in Nigeria.
partial or total removal of the clitoris and/or the prepuce (Clitoridectomy).
Subgroups of Type I FGM are: type Ia, removal of the clitoral hood or prepuce
only; type Ib, removal of the clitoris with the prepuce.
II: partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or
without excision of the labia majora (excision). Subgroups of Type II FGM are:
type IIa, removal of the labia minora only; type IIb, partial or total removal
of the clitoris and labia minora; type IIc, partial or total removal of the
clitoris, labia minora & labia majora. #endcuttinggirls
III: narrowing of the vaginal orifice with creation of a covering seal by
cutting and appositioning the labia minora and/or the labia majora, with or
without excision of the clitoris (infibulation). Subgroups of Type III FGM are:
type IIIa, removal and apposition of the labia minora; type IIIb, removal and
apposition of the labia majora.
is covered under this definition. This is a procedure to recreate an
infibulation, for example after childbirth when defibulation is necessary.
IV: unclassified – all other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for
nonmedical purposes, for example, pricking, piercing, incising, scraping and
Type IV also includes the
practice of “massaging” or applying petroleum jelly, herbal concoctions or hot
water to the clitoris to desensitize it or pushing it back into the body, which
is common in many parts of Nigeria, especially Imo State. #endcuttinggirls #COVID19
FGM has no known health benefit, and is harmful
to girls and women. It involves altering, removing and/or damaging otherwise healthy
female genital tissue.
estimated that over 200 million girls and women worldwide are living with the
effects of FGM, and every year some 3 million girls and women are at risk of
FGM and are therefore exposed to its potential negative health consequences
In Nigeria, the Nigeria Demographic Health Survey
(NDHS 2018) revealed that 20% of women aged 15-49 years had undergone FGM, a
decrease from 25% (NDHS 2013).