violence (GBV) is a widespread problem perpetrated primarily by men and members
of the community and individuals tolerating negative practices like Female
to UNICEF, at least 200 million girls and women have been cut in 30 countries
with representative data on prevalence
research work have proved that we can’t end GBV without getting men and boys
case you are joining us for the first time, FGM stands for ‘’Female Genital
is one of the Gender Based Violence(GBV) and a part of the sustainable
Genital Mutilation (FGM) includes all procedures that involve the partial or
total removal of external genitalia or other injury to the female genital
organs for non-medical reasons.
World Health Organization (WHO) has classified FGM into four types, all of
which are practiced in Nigeria.
Type I: partial or total removal of the clitoris and/or the prepuce
Type II: partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or
without excision of the labia majora (excision).
Type III: This type is called infibulation and involves narrowing of the
vaginal orifice with creation of a covering seal by cutting and appositioning
the labia minora and/or the labia majora, with or without excision of the
IV: unclassified – all other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for
nonmedical purposes, for example, pricking, piercing, incising, scraping and
IV also includes the practice of “massaging” or applying petroleum jelly,
herbal concoctions or hot water to the clitoris to desensitize it or pushing it
back into the body, which is common in many parts of Nigeria, especially Imo
practice of FGM is common in Africa, the Middle East and Asia. But it can also
happen to any woman or girl from any background regardless of age, race,
nationality, social class, financial status or sexuality.
is widely recognized as a harmful practice and a violation of the human rights
of girls and women. It reflects deep-rooted discrimination against girls and
women, profoundly entrenched in social, economic and political structures.
de facto violent, the practice is perpetrated without a primary intention of
violence. It is considered to be a necessary step to enable girls to become
women and to be socially accepted, together with the rest of the family.
functions as a self-enforcing social convention or social norm. Families and
individuals uphold the practice because they believe that their group or
society expects them to do so and they expect that they will suffer social
sanctions if they do not.
more information on basic facts about FGM and how you can be part of this
campaign kindly visit www.endcuttinggirls.com and www.who.int. You can also watch end FGM
related videos on our YouTube channel “Endcuttinggirls Nigeria”.
Nigeria, The UN Joint Programme on FGM in recognition of the complex interplay
of social, cultural, economic and political factors that increase girls’ and
women’s likelihood of undergoing FGM, promotes sustainable social norms change
and gender transformation.
importance of engaging men as a strategy to end Fgm can’t be overemphasized.
strategy is vital because many interventions on FGM elimination do not engage
men or male groups as strategic partners in leading the campaign to end FGM.
most cases the men, and male groups, participate in community dialogues and
similar social mobilization interventions but are rarely engaged as advocates
due to the belief that FGM is a “woman’s issue”.
have continued to neglect the fact that FGM affects both male female especially
as it concerns family and sexual reproduction.
some men have openly supported the practice by paying for the procedure or
served as traditional cutters, others aid the practice through their silence
all are aware that Men hold very prominent positions in the community and have
a lot of influence within and outside the home, especially in a patriarchal society
also belong to groups (religious, social, traditional, etc.) that address
social issues and contribute to the development of their communities.
are several ways of engaging men and boys in the endfgm advocacy; these include
- Address men’s role as
custodians of culture, religion and tradition by demonstrating their great
potential for changing the practice.
- Participate in harmless
rites of passage and support them.
- Support programs in their
neighborhoods and campaigns against FGM.
- Speak to young men about
getting married to uncut girls as a way to control FGM demand.
major perpetrators, the target audience for primary prevention, holders of the
social norms and influencers on other men, men need to be engaged to reduce and
prevent gender-based violence in their communities’’-Mr. Koshuma
Mtengeti,Children’s Dignity Forum (CDF) Executive Director.
need to train men and boys on positive and caring fatherhood which aims at
building capacity in terms of skills, knowledge and attitude on the role of men
as caring partners in promoting gender equality and positive behavior.
other to achieve this, men and boys are mobilized to form fathers’ groups and
are trained on positive parenting models, protection of women and girls from
violence, child marriage, teen pregnancy and Female Genital Mutilation(Sonke
is on the premise that when Men and boys are educated, become partners in the
campaign against gender violence they tends to know their roles in protecting
the girl child.
to @UnicefNigeria who have started engaging men and boys in the campaign to
#endfgm in Nigeria.
engage Alliance groups are being mobilized and formed across the UNJP states in
Kenya, the “Million Fathers” campaign, was launched in July 2012, to engage men
and boys, as fathers, brothers, sons and friends, to advocate against gender
to some activist on the need to engage and include men in the campaign, they
belive that men have the final say when it comes to deciding whether or not to
cut a girl-child.
have a final say when it comes to FGM, mothers tend to respond without
challenging it. Thus, fathers have a great power to influence the practice of
FGM” -Hamza Juma (WEO – Kitunda)
are the ones with a power to influence the practice of FGM because they are
always tending to be unchallenged”-Ahmed
to Mwita Ryoba, “people need to understand that youths can be educated and
understand the effects of FGM, however, the problem still remains with parents
because they are the ones who do not want their sons to marry a woman who has
not undergone FGM. In Kurya customs and
traditions, marrying a circumcised woman makes a man acquire respect. To change
this we need to work with traditional elders to disseminate the knowledge on
the effects of FGM to the community as they have a great influence.
we know is that at the core, FGM is to prepare girls for marriage, thus men
themselves have to be in the frontline to discourage such act”.
have to engage men to speak out against this scourge,” said Yvonne Towikromo,
Manager of the National Bureau for Gender Policy, Ministry of Home Affairs of
must be some level of capacity building for the male groups before a Male
Engage Alliance is formed and this is aimed at;
ways in which female genital mutilation (FGM) affects women’s health and
learn about women’s sexual and reproductive rights and how understanding these
rights will enable women to make informed decisions about their well-being.
discuss ways in which men can support and promote the removal of FGM practice.
main objective of the male engagement alliance is to promote the well-being of
girls and women in their communities.
Male Engaging Alliance just like other men group will also discuss FGM and
other issues affecting their Girls and Women’s lives during their regular
eradicate FGM and other GBV as proposed by Target 5.3 of the Sustainable
Development Goals (SDGs), no stone should be left unturned.
let’s hear and respond to those questions and contribution popping up in your
mind as we gear to #endfgm
we will end FGM in this generation.