FACEBOOK CONFERENCE TRANSCRIPT: “Strengthening campaign to end FGM through Arts and Entertainment” – 29th October 2019

Conversations around music, storytelling, film production and other forms of art as strategic media for ending #FGM are very vital as the deliberate production of these art forms tailored to pass the message on the Effects of FGM will help push the cause farther. Considering a production force of approximately 50 movies weekly with almost double that number of songs, and an audience that cuts across all classes of people, the Nigerian film and music industry is undoubtedly an asset that must be maximized in ending FGM.

In Nigeria, “UNFPA-UNICEF Joint Programme on Eliminating FGM: Accelerating Change” has adopted ARTs and Entertainment (Theatre, Music, Nollywood, etc) as tools for the elimination of FGM.

Before we go further with this conference, I’d like us to revisit what FGM is for the sake of those that are joining us for the first time.  

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) includes all procedures that involve the partial or total removal of external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. The World Health Organization (WHO) has classified FGM into four types, and they are all practiced in Nigeria.

Type I: partial or total removal of the clitoris and/or the prepuce (Clitoridectomy). Subgroups of Type I FGM are: type Ia, removal of the clitoral hood or prepuce only; type Ib, removal of the clitoris with the prepuce.

Type II: partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or without excision of the labia majora (excision). Subgroups of Type II FGM are: type IIa, removal of the labia minora only; type IIb, partial or total removal of the clitoris and labia minora; type IIc, partial or total removal of the clitoris, labia minora and labia majora.

Type III: narrowing of the vaginal orifice with creation of a covering seal by cutting and appositioning the labia minora and/or the labia majora, with or without excision of the clitoris (infibulation). Subgroups of Type III FGM are: type IIIa, removal and apposition of the labia minora; type IIIb, removal and apposition of the labia majora.

Reinfibulation is covered under this definition. This is a procedure to recreate an infibulation, for example after childbirth when defibulation is necessary. #endcuttingirls

Type IV: unclassified – all other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for nonmedical purposes, for example, pricking, piercing, incising, scraping and cauterization.

Type IV also includes the practice of “massaging” or applying petroleum jelly, herbal concoctions or hot water to the clitoris to desensitize it or pushing it back into the body, which is common in many parts of Nigeria, especially Imo State.

It is estimated that over 200 million girls and women worldwide are living with the effects of FGM, and every year some 3 million girls and women are at risk of FGM and are therefore exposed to its potential negative health consequences (UNICEF 2016).

In Nigeria, the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (2016-17) revealed that 18.4% of women aged 15-49 years had undergone FGM, a decrease from 27% (2011). Conversely, the FGM prevalence among daughters (0-14 years) rose from 19.2% (2011) to 25.3% (2016-17).

For more information about FGM you can visit www.endcuttinggirls.org

The practice of #FGM has thrived in a culture of silence. In a lot of communities where it is practiced there’s an unspoken lock on the lips of victims regarding the negative effects of fgm.  Years of advocacy and research has shown that FGM is often treated with indifference and sometimes feigned ignorance of its existence. This ignorance and indifference is premiered by the culture of silence attached to the practice.

The Nigerian film industry fondly called Nollywood is arguably the largest hub of entertainment in Africa. With a work force of people from all regions, tribes, and religions in Nigeria, Nollywood is undoubtedly an attractive partner in the fight to End FGM. The industry is known to produce movies that carry vital information and lessons for all who see them and so leveraging on this as well as its popularity would help spark conversations about #FGM in all households, communities, rural and urban settlements.

The production of relative stories through films would encourage survivors in practicing communities to talk more about the effects of the practice especially in their lives and lives of loved ones.  While some cutters may be ignorant of the adverse and long term effects of #FGM movies that carry the message would serve as a medium and tool of education and enlightenment.

Movies on community declarations featuring the collective abandonment of FGM in rural communities alike should also be promoted. Movies like this would not only spark conversations in homes but in the community at large.

Further familiarity with the message of the adverse effects of FGM,  is a sure step towards mass reorientation and education, which would prepare families to make better decisions regarding the practice of FGM.

On how music is can also be a powerful tool; Music has the power to infiltrate the consciousness of an entire generation of people and influence their emotions and eventually, their actions. Music can unite groups and help them stay strong together to achieve a common goal.

The use of music in communities for rituals such as coronation, naming ceremonies, and rites of passage events including FGM predates literacy. It therefore can also be used to promote positive changes in these communities. Music is so powerful that one song, one right song, about FGM can reach and compel millions of people in Nigeria and across the world, causing social actors to unite under a common cause to End FGM.

Other forms of art that can be beneficial to this initiative include:

  • Mouth to mouth storytelling: a good number of us would remember stories that we were told as children and the morals that we drew from them. Imagine a generation of people who have been told stories about the harmful effect of FGM from their childhood?
  • Drawings/Paintings: Art works have been known to evoke certain emotions without using words. Paintings can be made to tell stories. Stories of the pain and struggles that come with FGM.
  • Creative competitions: Game shows and competitions have over time become a source of entertainment for people. Schools, churches, and even communities can come together to organise competitions (singing, dancing, etc) that push the agenda of FGM abandonment.

Additionally, in our of our Tweet conference held Thursday, 17th October 2019 The anchor @_chzy in her tweets highlighted some of the importance of Music as a powerful tool for mobilizing Communities to end FGM, as follows:
The use of music in communities for rituals such as coronation, naming ceremonies, and rites of passage events including FGM predates literacy. Music therefore can also be used to promote positive changes in FGM practicing communities.
Song writing competition for in and out of school youths within the “UNFPA-UNICEF Joint Programme on Eliminating FGM: Accelerating Change” focal communities would help develop unique music for such communities.

Creating play songs for growing children with the message to end FGM will embed this message in the fabric of the DNA of the next generation. I know I still remember songs I played to as a child, the only definition I remember from my junior secondary school days are the ones I made into songs. ‘Social Studies’ was a bore for me so I added music to my notes.

Dance dramas with compelling wordless music can be created by community members. This kind of music has the power to make audience pay attention and get drawn into the message, owning the message as they have to put words to the drama and music themselves.

Music has always been a powerful educational tool. We have established in previous topics on this conference that education is a vital key in ending FGM in this generation. Here is a link to the transcript on the conferences edition on education.

Music as a tool of change is an inexhaustible topic, but we will have to stop here to give room for questions. While waiting for said questions, I will be posting examples of songs written and sung for the purpose of accelerating change across the globe.

In conclusion, the role that Art and Entertainment have to play in the cause to End Female Genital Mutilation cannot be overemphasised or undermined. It is our hope that this industry puts in more effort to see that they play their part in this campaign.

Thank you for joining in this month. I would pause now to take your questions.  

For more information, please visit www.endcuttinggirls.org also follow us on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram via @endcuttinggirls. Don’t forget to subscribe to our YouTube channel via https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCyB8f8IM3k2xTsKNfUZf9wg?sub_confirmation=1 for educational videos on FGM.  .

Together, we will end female genital mutilation in this generation. .

Hits: 209


  1. TrudeysaMr

    critical thinking comic
    [url=”https://criticalthinking2020.net”]critical thinking psychology[/url]
    the point of critical thinking is to learn to

    July 21, 2022 Reply
  2. GlynnissaMr

    dissertation writing software
    [url=”https://dissertationhelpexpert.com”]undergraduate dissertation[/url]
    custom dissertation writing service 2019

    July 23, 2022 Reply
  3. SuzannsaMr

    thesis vs dissertation
    [url=”https://dissertationhelpspecialist.com”]dissertation writing support[/url]
    dissertation help service

    July 24, 2022 Reply
  4. SallisaMr

    dissertation help service binding
    [url=”https://dissertationwritingcenter.com”]tips for writing dissertation[/url]
    writing your dissertation in

    July 24, 2022 Reply
  5. DarsiesaMr

    dissertation writing tutor
    [url=”https://examplesofdissertation.com”]dissertation fellowships[/url]
    dissertation introduction

    July 25, 2022 Reply
  6. TandisaMr

    sign up bonus casino no deposit
    [url=”https://1freeslotscasino.com”]best casino bonus[/url]
    free welcome bonus

    July 26, 2022 Reply
  7. MabellesaMr

    dissertation paper writing service
    [url=”https://helpwithdissertationwritinglondon.com”]dissertation literature review help[/url]
    dissertation editing help

    July 26, 2022 Reply
  8. TandisaMr

    top us online casinos
    [url=”https://1freeslotscasino.com”]online casinos real money no deposit[/url]
    casino win real money

    July 27, 2022 Reply
  9. JenneesaMr

    essay writing services 2019
    [url=”https://professionaldissertationwriting.com”]how to write a dissertation[/url]
    help with dissertation topic

    July 27, 2022 Reply
  10. AbagaelsaMr

    online casino play for real money
    [url=”https://9lineslotscasino.com”]best casino welcome bonus[/url]
    no deposit bonus

    July 28, 2022 Reply
  11. HerminasaMr

    research writing help
    [url=”https://professionaldissertationwriting.org”]help writing[/url]
    help with dissertation proposal

    July 28, 2022 Reply
  12. AudresaMr

    medical dissertation writing service
    [url=”https://writing-a-dissertation.net”]thesis help[/url]
    writing a dissertation methodology

    July 29, 2022 Reply
  13. ShaylasaMr

    what is the best online casino for real money
    [url=”https://all-online-casino-games.com”]online usa casino[/url]
    casino real money

    July 29, 2022 Reply
  14. HestiasaMr

    doctoral dissertation writing assistance
    [url=”https://writingadissertationproposal.com”]doctoral dissertation help usa[/url]
    dissertation help online

    July 30, 2022 Reply
  15. VerenasaMr

    casinos online usa
    [url=”https://casino8online.com”]online casinos with no deposit bonus[/url]
    free casino bonus

    July 30, 2022 Reply
  16. DixiesaMr

    free welcome bonus no deposit
    [url=”https://casino-online-jackpot.com”]online casinos real money no deposit[/url]
    super slots casino

    July 31, 2022 Reply
  17. LaureensaMr

    online casino bonus no deposit
    [url=”https://casino-online-roulette.com”]free no deposit casino[/url]
    best casino reviews

    August 1, 2022 Reply
  18. FrannisaMr

    online spins
    [url=”https://cybertimeonlinecasino.com”]best welcome bonus casino[/url]
    best deposit casino bonus

    August 2, 2022 Reply
  19. PearlsaMr

    online slots real money free bonus
    [url=”https://download-casino-slots.com”]no deposit online casino real money[/url]
    online casino usa real money no deposit bonus

    August 3, 2022 Reply
  20. BobbiesaMr

    casino games for real money
    [url=”https://firstonlinecasino.org”]free casino bonus no deposit[/url]
    online casinos no deposit bonus

    August 4, 2022 Reply
  21. LesliesaMr

    casinos sites
    [url=”https://free-online-casinos.net”]real online casino[/url]
    best us online casinos

    August 4, 2022 Reply
  22. HonorsaMr

    best vpn uk
    [url=”https://freehostingvpn.com”]best vpn for chrome free[/url]
    download free vpn

    August 7, 2022 Reply
  23. TrudiesaMr

    usa casinos on line
    [url=”https://internet-casinos-online.net”]free money no deposit casino[/url]
    online casino games real money

    August 8, 2022 Reply
  24. TeddiesaMr

    best free vpn for macbook
    [url=”https://freevpnconnection.com”]buy hidemyass vpn[/url]
    vpn service

    August 8, 2022 Reply
  25. JaynellsaMr

    casino bonuses online
    [url=”https://newlasvegascasinos.com”]online casinos with no deposit bonus[/url]
    online usa casino

    August 9, 2022 Reply
  26. JenneesaMr

    ivacy vpn
    [url=”https://imfreevpn.net”]best vpn for business[/url]
    the best vpn 2018

    August 10, 2022 Reply
  27. DulceasaMr

    mobile casino online
    [url=”https://onlinecasinofortunes.com”]what is the best online casino for real money[/url]
    casino bonuses online

    August 10, 2022 Reply
  28. JenneesaMr

    how to use a vpn
    [url=”https://imfreevpn.net”]gom vpn[/url]
    best vpn

    August 10, 2022 Reply
  29. CarolansaMr

    casino free spins
    [url=”https://onlinecasinosdirectory.org”]online casino real money[/url]
    online casino real money usa

    August 11, 2022 Reply
  30. AshleighsaMr

    vpn definition
    [url=”https://ippowervpn.net”]buy a vpn uk[/url]
    best vpn service lifehacker

    August 11, 2022 Reply
  31. FanyasaMr

    online casino for us players
    [url=”https://onlineplayerscasino.com”]best online casino reviews[/url]
    mobile online casino

    August 12, 2022 Reply
  32. KelseysaMr

    softether vpn client manager
    [url=”https://rsvpnorthvalley.com”]best vpn for windows 2022[/url]
    best free vpn

    August 12, 2022 Reply
  33. CarolinsaMr

    online casino free bonus no deposit
    [url=”https://ownonlinecasino.com”]no deposit bonus casinos[/url]
    best usa online casinos

    August 13, 2022 Reply
  34. LaurellasaMr

    do i need a vpn
    [url=”https://shiva-vpn.com”]windscribe vpn reviews[/url]
    best vpn mac

    August 13, 2022 Reply
  35. SheelaghsaMr

    best vpn for windows 2018
    [url=”https://superfreevpn.net”]free vpn for netflix[/url]
    vpn free trial no credit card

    August 14, 2022 Reply
  36. FifinesaMr

    casino bonus
    [url=”https://trust-online-casino.com”]no deposit casino bonuses[/url]
    live online casino usa

    August 15, 2022 Reply
  37. GwenoresaMr

    online casino games that pay
    [url=”https://vrgamescasino.com”]best online casino reviews[/url]
    best casino deposit bonus

    August 16, 2022 Reply
  38. GladisaMr

    senior gay women dating
    [url=”https://datinggayservices.com”]gay for straight men dating[/url]
    dating gay costa rican

    August 23, 2022 Reply
  39. JeraleesaMr

    young gay dating
    [url=”https://gayedating.com”]gay dating sim[/url]
    dating gay bbc meet twinks

    August 24, 2022 Reply
  40. JoannsaMr

    professional dating sites
    [url=”https://adult-classifieds-online-dating.com”]online free dating site[/url]
    best dating site online

    August 25, 2022 Reply
  41. KyrstinsaMr

    hispanic gay dating sites
    [url=”https://gay-singles-dating.com”]hispanic gay dating sites[/url]
    gay bottom dating

    August 25, 2022 Reply
  42. JoannsaMr

    connect singles
    [url=”https://adult-classifieds-online-dating.com”]dating meet singles[/url]
    naked dating

    August 25, 2022 Reply
  43. BerthesaMr

    dating site free
    [url=”https://adult-singles-online-dating.com”]singles dating sites[/url]
    usa free dating sites

    August 26, 2022 Reply
  44. KaitlynnsaMr

    dating seiten uster
    [url=”https://datingpersonalsonline.com”]top dating websites[/url]
    free dating sites free

    August 27, 2022 Reply
  45. GladisaMr

    gay addiction dating apps
    [url=”https://datinggayservices.com”]gay men dating sites missouri[/url]
    gay dating sites that work

    August 28, 2022 Reply
  46. DavinasaMr

    spanish dating site free trial
    [url=”https://freeadultdatingpasses.com”]free dating site[/url]
    best date online

    August 28, 2022 Reply
  47. JeraleesaMr

    sado masoicsm gay dating site
    [url=”https://gayedating.com”]gay farmers dating sites[/url]
    chubby cchup gay dating

    August 28, 2022 Reply
  48. ChelsaesaMr

    asien dating online
    [url=”https://freephotodating.com”]free datinsites chat[/url]
    free online chat

    August 29, 2022 Reply
  49. KyrstinsaMr

    gay dating in little rock
    [url=”https://gay-singles-dating.com”]xxx dating sim gay[/url]
    good gay chub dating

    August 29, 2022 Reply
  50. EmaliasaMr

    [url=”https://lavaonlinedating.com”]local online dating[/url]
    meet women free

    August 30, 2022 Reply
  51. CasandrasaMr

    top online casino
    [url=”https://casinosonlinex.com”]casino free spins[/url]
    free money no deposit casino

    August 30, 2022 Reply
  52. KarrysaMr

    dating sjtes
    [url=”https://onlinedatingbabes.com”]best single sites[/url]
    dating kostenlos in sz

    August 31, 2022 Reply
  53. AmatasaMr

    casino deposit bonuses
    [url=”https://online2casino.com”]online casino sign up bonuses[/url]
    free no deposit bonus

    August 31, 2022 Reply
  54. GenniesaMr

    gay chub chat
    [url=”https://chatcongays.com”]gay kink chat[/url]
    sex gay chat

    September 2, 2022 Reply
  55. DeeynsaMr

    live chat video gay
    [url=”https://free-gay-sex-chat.com”]live gay chat[/url]
    gay chat mature

    September 2, 2022 Reply
  56. EmaleesaMr

    vietnam gay chat
    [url=”https://gaychatcams.net”]dick.net gay chat[/url]
    free chat lines bie and gay

    September 3, 2022 Reply
  57. StephinesaMr

    line group chat gay tampa
    [url=”https://gaychatnorules.com”]profile tube boys user gay chat boi[/url]
    gay dad cam chat

    September 4, 2022 Reply
  58. RobenasaMr

    gay chat rpulete
    [url=”https://gaychatspots.com”]gay chat with married men[/url]
    gay priesy chat

    September 6, 2022 Reply
  59. RobenasaMr

    gay dot com chat room
    [url=”https://gaychatspots.com”]free bi gay chat sites seattle wa[/url]
    gay page chat roulette

    September 7, 2022 Reply
  60. LoreensaMr

    rastaboy gay chat
    [url=”https://gayinteracialchat.com”]transcript of a man’s first gay chat[/url]
    free gay boys chat

    September 8, 2022 Reply
  61. HildesaMr

    anonymous gay chat
    [url=”https://gay-live-chat.net”]gay chat rooms black[/url]
    gay chat phoenix

    September 8, 2022 Reply
  62. TallousaMr

    gay chat rooms for free without registration
    [url=”https://gaymanchatrooms.com”]gay random chat[/url]
    gaydar free gay chat

    September 9, 2022 Reply
  63. TallousaMr

    gay chat 877-***-7000
    [url=”https://gaymanchatrooms.com”]gay mature men chat group[/url]
    free gay random webcam chat

    September 9, 2022 Reply
  64. MarilinsaMr

    gay chat line charlotte nc
    [url=”https://gaymusclechatrooms.com”]gay universe man chat[/url]
    gay rulette chat

    September 10, 2022 Reply
  65. AdoreesaMr

    gay boy jack off cam chat
    [url=”https://gayphillychat.com”]gay web cam chat room[/url]
    free chat now gay

    September 11, 2022 Reply
  66. MindysaMr

    video chat older gay
    [url=”https://newgaychat.com”]gay furry chat one on one[/url]
    gay cruising chat

    September 12, 2022 Reply
  67. MavissaMr

    best online dating website
    [url=”https://online-internet-dating.net”]top sites dating[/url]
    tinder dating site

    September 15, 2022 Reply
  68. JuanitasaMr

    pof dating login
    [url=”https://speedatingwebsites.com”]sites adult[/url]
    internet dating

    September 16, 2022 Reply
  69. MaisiesaMr

    free online chatting and dating
    [url=”https://virtual-online-dating-service.com”]meet and fuck[/url]
    all free dating site

    September 17, 2022 Reply
  70. EachellesaMr

    adult singles dating site
    [url=”https://wowdatingsites.com”]tinder gratis[/url]
    video dating

    September 18, 2022 Reply
  71. JoetesaMr

    free dating website
    [url=”https://zonlinedating.com”]free site[/url]
    village ladies totally free

    September 19, 2022 Reply
  72. MarrissaMr

    personal essay help
    [url=”https://au-bestessays.org”]custom essay papers[/url]
    buy an essay paper

    September 19, 2022 Reply
  73. DorolisasaMr

    buy an essay cheap
    [url=”https://bestcampusessays.com”]custom essay online[/url]
    college essay help long island

    September 20, 2022 Reply
  74. MartysaMr

    buy an essay cheap
    [url=”https://besteasyessays.org”]custom essays writing service[/url]
    cheap essays writing service

    September 21, 2022 Reply
  75. MerolasaMr

    essay writing homework help
    [url=”https://bestessayreviews.net”]can someone write my essay for me[/url]
    buy essay online cheap

    September 22, 2022 Reply
  76. AshlensaMr

    essay on the help
    [url=”https://bestessaysden.com”]custom essay help[/url]
    custom essay writing services

    September 23, 2022 Reply
  77. CharitasaMr

    cheap essay help online
    [url=”https://bestsessays.org”]help writing a argumentative essay[/url]
    i need help to write an essay

    September 24, 2022 Reply
  78. CharitasaMr

    essay revision service
    [url=”https://bestsessays.org”]help me write my college essay[/url]
    cheap essay help

    September 24, 2022 Reply
  79. NanicesaMr

    cheap essay papers
    [url=”https://buyacademicessay.com”]essays on the movie the help[/url]
    best essay help review

    September 25, 2022 Reply
  80. ChelsaesaMr

    cheap essay papers
    [url=”https://buy-eessay-online.com”]custom essays online[/url]
    custom essay meister

    September 26, 2022 Reply
  81. PennysaMr

    essay help websites
    [url=”https://buytopessays.com”]best online essay writer[/url]
    essay 123 help

    September 27, 2022 Reply
  82. TammiesaMr

    i need help writing my essay
    [url=”https://cheapessaywritingservice1.com”]top custom essay services[/url]
    help on writing an essay

    September 28, 2022 Reply
  83. AntoniesaMr

    admission essay editing services
    [url=”https://customcollegeessays.net”]help writing essays for college[/url]
    famous essay writers

    September 28, 2022 Reply
  84. RhiamonsaMr

    college essay writers block
    [url=”https://customessays-writing.org”]help with writing an essay[/url]
    help writing essay

    September 29, 2022 Reply
  85. CharosaMr

    someone write my essay
    [url=”https://customessaywwriting.com”]essay writers online[/url]
    help with argumentative essay

    September 30, 2022 Reply
  86. DronasaMr

    which is the best essay writing service
    [url=”https://customs-essays-writing.org”]order custom essays online[/url]
    help write my essay

    October 1, 2022 Reply
  87. TwylasaMr

    essay writing assignment help
    [url=”https://firstessayservice.net”]online essay service[/url]
    essays about service

    October 2, 2022 Reply
  88. LeilahsaMr

    cheap essays writing service
    [url=”https://geniusessaywriters.net”]essay writing company reviews[/url]
    best college essay writing services

    October 2, 2022 Reply
  89. CthrinesaMr

    college essay writers block
    [url=”https://howtobuyanessay.com”]what is the best custom essay writing service[/url]
    top custom essay services

    October 3, 2022 Reply
  90. GinniesaMr

    persuasive essay help
    [url=”https://lawessayhelpinlondon.com”]custom essay papers[/url]
    reviews of essay writing services

    October 4, 2022 Reply
  91. GinniesaMr

    essay marking service
    [url=”https://lawessayhelpinlondon.com”]write my essay for money[/url]
    college admission essay service

    October 7, 2022 Reply
  92. EastersaMr

    cheap essay writer service
    [url=”https://writemyessaycheap24h.com”]custom law essays[/url]
    analysis essay help

    October 13, 2022 Reply
  93. MarrissaMr

    top 5 essay writing services
    [url=”https://au-bestessays.org”]professional essay writers review[/url]
    mba essay help

    November 15, 2022 Reply
  94. DorolisasaMr

    buying essay
    [url=”https://bestcampusessays.com”]custom essay writing cheap[/url]
    top essay writing service

    November 18, 2022 Reply
  95. MartysaMr

    best essay writing services
    [url=”https://besteasyessays.org”]narrative essay help[/url]
    best custom essay site

    November 20, 2022 Reply
  96. MerolasaMr

    cheap write my essay
    [url=”https://bestessayreviews.net”]custom writing essays[/url]
    academic essay services

    November 21, 2022 Reply
  97. AshlensaMr

    common app essay help
    [url=”https://bestessaysden.com”]essay writing websites[/url]
    cheap essay help

    November 22, 2022 Reply
  98. CharitasaMr

    write my essay wikipedia
    [url=”https://bestsessays.org”]cheap custom essay writing services[/url]
    us essay writing service

    November 24, 2022 Reply
  99. NanicesaMr

    the help essay
    [url=”https://buyacademicessay.com”]essay writers for pay[/url]
    professional essay writer

    November 25, 2022 Reply
  100. ChelsaesaMr

    order custom essays
    [url=”https://buy-eessay-online.com”]academic essay writers[/url]
    i need help writing a narrative essay

    November 26, 2022 Reply
  101. PennysaMr

    online essay writers
    [url=”https://buytopessays.com”]easy essay writer[/url]
    the help by kathryn stockett essay

    November 28, 2022 Reply

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.